2006- Chilean politician Michelle Bachelet became the first woman to serve as the country’s president as she was sworn into office.
2004- Madrid suffered a series of terrorist attacks when 10 bombs, detonated by Islamist militants, exploded on four trains at three different rail stations, killing 191 people and injuring some 1,800 others.
1990 – Following a vote in the parliament, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare its independence from the U.S.S.R.
1918 – One of the most devastating pandemics in human history reached the United States as the country reported its first cases of the Spanish flu.
1916 – British politician Harold Wilson, who led the LabourParty to victory in four general elections and was prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976, was born.
1888 – A winter storm began on the Atlantic coast of the United States, ultimately blanketing New York City with 22 inches (550 mm) of snow and other areas with up to 50 inches (1,250 mm); the Great Blizzard of 1888, as it became known, killed more than 400 people and caused widespread property damage.
1811- In Arnold, Nottingham, textile workers staged the first major Luddite riot in England, breaking the machinery that was causing their displacement; the protest launched a movement that spread throughout the country.