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Faith Nyasuguta

Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo has undertaken a significant cabinet reshuffle, affecting more than 20 ministers and notably replacing Finance Minister Ken Ofori-Atta. 

This move comes in response to complaints of Ofori-Atta’s handling of Ghana’s economic challenges, as evidenced in a 2023 World Bank report citing macroeconomic difficulties. 

The nation faced currency depreciation, escalating inflation, and a decline in investor confidence, exacerbated by existing fiscal vulnerabilities. The central bank posted a record loss of 60.8 billion cedi in July 2022, primarily attributed to debt restructuring. 

Last year witnessed public protests against the economic downturn, demanding the removal of the central bank governor.

In response to the economic turmoil, President Akufo-Addo has taken decisive action, reshaping his cabinet to address the pressing challenges. The finance portfolio, formerly held by Ofori-Atta, will now be entrusted to Mohammed Adam, the current minister of state at the finance ministry and former deputy energy minister responsible for the petroleum sector. 

This change reflects the administration’s commitment to navigating through economic complexities and restoring stability.

Aside from the finance ministry, other affected portfolios include health, environment, science, technology and innovation, gender, children and social protection, and tourism, arts, and culture. 

Additionally, several deputy ministers of state have faced changes. President Akufo-Addo expresses optimism that Parliament will swiftly approve these nominations in a bipartisan manner, enabling the new appointees to contribute to the government’s goals during his second term.

The reshuffle comes at a critical juncture as Ghana grapples with economic challenges outlined in the World Bank report. The pre-existing fiscal vulnerabilities, coupled with external pressures, led to a full-blown crisis in the country. The central bank’s significant loss further highlighted the severity of the situation, prompting public discontent and demands for corrective measures.

Mohammed Adam, stepping into the role of finance minister, faces the formidable task of steering the country towards economic recovery. The effectiveness of the reshuffled cabinet in addressing Ghana’s economic woes will be closely observed, particularly in the context of the upcoming general election in December 2024.

President Nana Akufo-Addo, serving his second term, has been a prominent figure in Ghanaian politics. He assumed office on January 7, 2017, after winning the 2016 presidential election. 

President Nana Akufo-Addo /Eastleigh voice/

Akufo-Addo’s presidency has been marked by efforts to transform the economy, enhance infrastructure, and address social issues. As his constitutionally permissible two-term limit approaches its end, the reshuffle could signify a strategic move to address challenges and shape a more effective governance structure.

The approaching general election in December 2024 brings added intricacies to the political landscape. Akufo-Addo’s legacy and the performance of his administration, especially in addressing economic concerns, will likely play a pivotal role in shaping the political discourse leading up to the election.

The changes also signal a commitment to addressing pressing issues and fostering stability as the nation navigates a crucial period in its political and economic trajectory.


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Faith Nyasuguta

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Ghana’s President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo delivers his speech at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, December 14, 2021. Jean-Francois Badias/Pool via REUTERS