Africa is currently in the midst of unprecedented population growth, with projections from the United Nations indicating that the continent’s population is set to double by 2050, reaching over 2.5 billion people.
This demographic surge is fueled by factors such as high fertility rates, declining mortality rates, and a growing number of young individuals entering reproductive age.
Characterized by one of the world’s youngest populations, Africa has a significant portion of its populace under the age of 25. While this demographic structure presents opportunities for a vibrant and dynamic workforce, it also poses challenges in terms of education, employment, and the necessity for robust social and economic policies to harness the potential of this youth bulge.
The burgeoning population creates a dual scenario of opportunities and challenges for economic development. On the positive side, a sizable and youthful workforce has the potential to drive innovation, entrepreneurship, and overall economic growth.
However, the rapid population growth intersects with environmental considerations, demanding a delicate balance between economic development and sustainable practices. This equilibrium is crucial to prevent the over-exploitation of natural resources and minimize adverse impacts on ecosystems.
Now, let’s take a closer look at the 10 African countries with the highest populations as of the beginning of 2024.
This ranking has been compiled by WorldPopulationReview, an independent for-profit company committed to providing up-to-date world population data and demographics: