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Faith Nyasuguta 

At least 27 million people are facing food insecurity in the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to the United Nations.

The UN projects that the situation is likely to worsen, following the recent fighting between the M23 rebel group and the army in the East of the nation, which has displaced tens of thousands.

Insecurity in DRC has displaced thousands /OCHA/

The region, bordering Rwanda, lives with a daily threat from dozens of armed groups that jostle for a piece of the region’s rich mineral wealth, which the globe mines for electric cars, laptops and mobile phones.

According to a report by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)

the crisis in DRC is considered the world’s most neglected displacement situation .

The mineral-rich nation also experiences high rates of food insecurity, according to the FAO.

Over the years, the M23 offensive has had a major impact on civilians, dozens have died, including children and more than 170,000 displaced, according to the UN.

Thousands have been displaced in the DRC-Rwanda conflict /UN/

The rebels have seized several villages, clashing with the federal troops and worsening the already serious humanitarian crisis in the area.

As the fighting continues and more areas are affected, the number of people fleeing jumps daily. 

At the moment, around 500,000 could be considered to be in a vulnerable situation in that part of the country, according to the UN.

Most of those who fled their villages, now live in precarious conditions in churches or schools transformed into shelters.

Food Insecurity is on the rise in DRC /UN/

Their food and water supplies are limited to donations from locals and humanitarian organizations.

Carrying a bag with beans on her head, Kasula Adisi, a 27-year-old mother of two who fled the violence in Rutshuru, says she has no food or water and depends on the charity of others to obtain something to prepare for her children.

“I carry beans in this plate, (on her head) I went to ask for it at a neighbor’s house to give it to the children who have not had any food since yesterday,” she says.

Adisi then sets about lighting a fire to prepare food for her children and other displaced people.

61-year-old Suzanne Neema is a widow and mother of ten children.

Neema says she begs for food to be able to give something to her children, some of whom are sick due to malnutrition.

“I have ten children, four of them have already fallen ill because of the lack of food, they suffer from kwashiorkor (malnutrition caused by lack of protein)” she said “And I feel very bad too (sick)”.

A child suffering from Kwashiorkor /Wikipedia/

Kwashiorkor is a severe protein malnutrition that causes swelling and skin lesions.

The situation in the country is complicated and has lasted for over 20 years, says Abdoulaye Sawadogo, deputy head of office of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in DRC.

He says several factors influence the humanitarian crisis and food crisis in the country.

“The humanitarian situation in DRC has been there for more than 25 years and it is effectively linked to all the insecurity, linked to the conflicts, and also to the violence, to the food insecurity which today affects nearly 27 million people (in the country), to the situation of malnutrition and also to all the violence,” he says.

After increasing from 2019 to 2020 in most of Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean, hunger continued to rise in most subregions in 2021, but at a slower pace, says the FAO report.

Compared with 2019, the largest rise was seen in Africa, both in terms of percentage and number of people.

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Faith Nyasuguta

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